Invited speaker: Prof. Christine Silberhorn
Affiliation: Universität Paderborn
Special Colloquium
Title: Sum frequency generation for quantum applications
Time and room: Thursday, April 28, 2016, Conference Room (311) IAP
In recent years sum frequency conversion processes have become an established tool to implement quantum information transfer interfaces between systems of different wavelengths. Such interfaces are essential for the realization of quantum networks, which combine different individual components with incompatible frequencies. In particular, long distance quantum communication, which uses stationary qubits with transitions in the visible or UV and flying qubits at telecommunication wavelengths rely on practical quantum frequency converters. Here, we present our work on the realization of sum frequency generation processes from telecommunication regime to visible and UV wavelengths and discuss cw and pulsed light characteristics
Invited speaker: Dr. Giovanni Barontini
Affiliation: University of Birmingham
Title: Strong Coupling Regime In Fibre Microcavities: From EIT To Multi-Particle Entanglement
Time and room: 17:15 h, lecture hall IAP
I will report on recent results obtained with cold atoms in fibre microcavities at Imperial College London and at the Laboratoire Kastler-Brossel in Paris. In the London experiment, we show how the Hamiltonian eigenstates of the system can be revealed through spectroscopic measurements despite the fast decoherence rate of the microcavity. We observe an avoided crossing in the dressed cavity spectrum, usually taken as evidence of strong coupling, notwithstanding the complete overdamping of Rabi oscillations in our experiment. We interpret this as dipole-induced transparency of the cavity, relying on destructive quantum interference to uncover the normal modes which might be expected to lie obscured [1]. In the Paris experiment instead, the atom-cavity coupling rate greatly exceeds every loss rate allowing to reach the single-atom strong coupling regime and to perform almost non-destructive measurements. Building on this we have developed a method based on the quantum Zeno dynamics to create symmetric entangled states in ensembles of several tens of atoms. We characterize the resulting states by performing quantum tomography, yielding a time-resolved account of the entanglement generation. In addition, we study the dependence of quantum states on measurement strength and quantify the depth of entanglement. Our results show that quantum Zeno dynamics can be used as a versatile tool for fast and deterministic entanglement generation [2].
[1] Y.-H. Lien, G. Barontini, M. Scheucher, J. Goldwin, and E. A. Hinds, in preparation
[2] G. Barontini, L. Hohmann, F. Haas, J. Estéve, and J. Reichel, Science 349, 1317 (2015)
Invited speaker: Dr. Giovanni Barontini
Affiliation: University of Birmingham
Title: Strong Coupling Regime In Fibre Microcavities: From EIT To Multi-Particle Entanglement
Time and room: 17:15 h, lecture hall IAP
I will report on recent results obtained with cold atoms in fibre microcavities at Imperial College London and at the Laboratoire Kastler-Brossel in Paris. In the London experiment, we show how the Hamiltonian eigenstates of the system can be revealed through spectroscopic measurements despite the fast decoherence rate of the microcavity. We observe an avoided crossing in the dressed cavity spectrum, usually taken as evidence of strong coupling, notwithstanding the complete overdamping of Rabi oscillations in our experiment. We interpret this as dipole-induced transparency of the cavity, relying on destructive quantum interference to uncover the normal modes which might be expected to lie obscured [1]. In the Paris experiment instead, the atom-cavity coupling rate greatly exceeds every loss rate allowing to reach the single-atom strong coupling regime and to perform almost non-destructive measurements. Building on this we have developed a method based on the quantum Zeno dynamics to create symmetric entangled states in ensembles of several tens of atoms. We characterize the resulting states by performing quantum tomography, yielding a time-resolved account of the entanglement generation. In addition, we study the dependence of quantum states on measurement strength and quantify the depth of entanglement. Our results show that quantum Zeno dynamics can be used as a versatile tool for fast and deterministic entanglement generation [2].
[1] Y.-H. Lien, G. Barontini, M. Scheucher, J. Goldwin, and E. A. Hinds, in preparation
[2] G. Barontini, L. Hohmann, F. Haas, J. Estéve, and J. Reichel, Science 349, 1317 (2015)
Invited speaker: Dr. Vera Guarrera
Affiliation: National Physical Laboratory
Special Colloquium
Title: Towards Guided Ultracold Atom Interferometers: NPL's Approach
Time and room: 17:15 h, lecture hall IAP
Atom interferometry constitutes nowadays one of the most promising and realistic forefronts in the accomplishment of quantum-based technologies. Parallel to the evolution of free-falling atom interferometers, new concepts with trapped and guided atoms have been developed in the last few years. Due to the large control over the atomic wavefunction and to the long interrogation times, an outstanding combination of high sensitivity and spatial resolution is expected to be achieved in compact and, ideally, portable devices. In this talk I will present our all-optical approach towards the realization of BEC-based guided interferometers. In particular I will discuss the recent results on the realization of a continuous Bragg splitter generated by the interference of two atomic waveguides. Progress towards the implementation on a miniaturized light chip will be finally reported.
Invited speaker: Prof. Henning Moritz
Affiliation: Institut für Laser-Physik
Title: Superfluidity and coherence in fermionic quantum gases
Time and room: 17:15 h, lecture hall IAP
Frictionless flow is one of the most striking macroscopic phenomena arising from quantum physics. Its appearance is remarkably widespread, ranging from superconductivity in solids to superfluidity in liquids and dilute gases. In this colloquium, I will present experiments in which we take the chance to study the stability and coherence of superfluids in experimental model systems, ultracold Fermi gases. In the first part, I will focus on the stability against external perturbations. The corresponding quantity, the critical velocity, is typically highest in the strongly interacting regime. I will show how we can determine the critical velocity in this regime and study its evolution in the crossover from Bose-Einstein condensation to Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer superfluidity.
Superfluidity and coherence are intimately connected. In 3D systems, bosonic atoms or Cooper pairs condense into a macroscopic wavefunction exhibiting true long range coherence. Meanwhile, 2D superfluids show a strikingly different behavior: True long-range coherence is precluded by thermal fluctuations, nevertheless Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) theory predicts that 2D systems can still become superfluid. However, the first order correlation function g1(r) decays algebraically with distance with a temperature-dependent scaling exponent tau. I will present local coherence measurements of a strongly interacting 2D gases. They allow us to observe this algebraic, scale-free decay. We can determine the scaling exponent and the superfluid density as a function of phase space density.