Invited speaker: Herwig Ott
Affiliation: Technische Universität Kaiserslautern
Title: Rydberg Physics Meets Ultracold Quantum Gases
Time and room: 17:15, lecture hall IAP
Abstract: During the last two decades, ultracold quantum gases have become a valuable experimental platform for many-body physics, and a series of groundbreaking studies with bosonic and fermionic quantum gases has been carried out. At the same time, cooling and trapping of ultracold atoms has revolutionized the field of Rydberg physics, a discipline, which has its origin in atomic physics. Today, both research directions are closely linked to each other.
In my talk, I will show how the two formerly disjunct areas of physics can benefit from each other. In particular, I will show that so-called Rydberg molecules can be employed to tune the interaction in an ultracold quantum gas via an optical Feshbach resonance.
Invited speaker: Jakob Reichel
Affiliation: Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, ENS Paris
Title: Creating Multiparticle Enganglement with Optical Fiber Microcavities
Time and room: 17 h c.t., lecture hall IAP
Abstract: An exciting and fast-growing research field has emerged at the interface of fundamental physics and technology, where the nonclassical features of quantum mechanics are employed to engineer powerful, radically new functionalities. Multiparticle entanglement is a key resource in these quantum technologies. I will describe how high-finesse optical cavities can be used to produce and detect such entanglement in ensembles of ultracold atoms and other quantum emitters, and show examples from recent experiments in our group with fiber microcavities on atom chips. One application is quantum metrology, and I will show progress towards a spin-squeezed atomic clock on a chip.
Invited speaker: Nir Davidson
Affiliation: Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Title: Solving hard computational problems with coupled lasers
Time and room: 16:00, lecture hall IAP
Abstract: Hard computational problems may be solved by physics systems that can simulate them. Here we present a new a new system of coupled lasers in a modified degenerate cavity that is used to solve difficult computational tasks. The degenerate cavity possesses a huge number of degrees of freedom (>300 000 modes in our system), that can be coupled and controlled with direct access to both the x-space and k-space components of the lasing mode. Placing constraints on these components can be mapped to different computational minimization problems. Due to mode competition, the lasers select the mode with minimal loss to find the solution. We demonstrate this ability for simulating XY spin systems and finding their ground state, for phase retrieval, for imaging through scattering medium and more.
Invited speaker: Tommaso Calarco
Affiliation: Universität Ulm
Title: Quantum Technologies and Quantum Control
Time and room: 17:15, lecture hall IAP
Abstract: The control of quantum states is essential both for fundamental investigations and for technological applications of quantum physics. In quantum few-body systems, decoherence arising from interaction with the environment hinders the realization of desired processes. In quantum many-body systems, complexity of their dynamics further makes state preparation via external manipulation highly non-trivial. An effective strategy to counter these effects is offered by quantum optimal control theory, exploiting quantum coherence to dynamically reach a desired goal with high accuracy even under limitations on resources such as time, bandwidth, and precision. In this talk I will:
- introduce the quantum optimal control method we developed to this aim, the CRAB (Chopped Random Basis) algorithm, which is to date the only method that allows to perform optimal control of quantum many-body systems;
- present experimental results obtained via its application to various physical systems, from quantum logical operations in solid-state quantum optics to quantum criticality in ultra-cold atoms, both in open-loop and in closed-loop feedback scenarios, with applications ranging from quantum interferometry with Bose-Einstein condensates on atom chips to magnetic field sensing in diamond NV centers and to the preparation of optical-lattice quantum registers for quantum simulation;
- use these examples to illustrate the quantum speed limit, i.e. the maximum speed achievable for a given quantum transformation, and describe related effects of nonlinearity due to inter-particle interactions and more in general to dynamical complexity;
- propose a way to characterise the latter in an information-theoretical fashion by the bandwidth of the optimized control pulses, as well as a conjecture about using this method for discrimination between different levels of complexity in quantum many-body systems.
Special Colloquium
Invited speaker: Hannes Pfeifer
Affiliation: Max-Planck-Institut für die Physik des Lichts, Erlangen
Title: Optomechanical Crystals for Arrays
Time and room: 10:30 h, seminar room IAP
Abstract: Within the last decade cavity optomechanical systems have dramatically advanced in the exploration of the quantum nature of mechanical oscillators. Ground state cooling, coherent optical to mechanical state transfer and the preparation of non-classical mechanical states are just a few examples of the progress in the experimental control of these systems. Some of the recent challenges in the field are the exploitation of optomechanical cavities as a storage for quantum information and for quantum operations and the realization of networks and arrays of optomechanical cavities.
One of the platforms that promisingly tackles these problems are optomechanical crystals. Different structures can thereby access a wide range of experimental parameters, still preserving a small footprint due to their on-chip integration. Their challenging fabrication however requires robust designs and/or means to compensate slight structural deviations. After a brief general introduction of optomechanical crystals, this talk will reveal a design for tunable optomechanical nanobeams that can enable phononic networks and a potential solutions for a 2D cavity for low temperature quantum optomechanics.