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Quantum technologies

Dieter Meschede's research group
Home AMO physics colloquia
Colloquia
  • Hannes Pfeifer

    (05/06/18)
  • Special Colloquium
    Invited speaker:
    Hannes Pfeifer
    Affiliation: Max-Planck-Institut für die Physik des Lichts, Erlangen
    Title:  Optomechanical Crystals for Arrays  

    Time and room: 10:30 h, seminar room IAP
    Abstract: Within the last decade cavity optomechanical systems have dramatically advanced in the exploration of the quantum nature of mechanical oscillators. Ground state cooling, coherent optical to mechanical state transfer and the preparation of non-classical mechanical states are just a few examples of the progress in the experimental control of these systems. Some of the recent challenges in the field are the exploitation of optomechanical cavities as a storage for quantum information and for quantum operations and the realization of networks and arrays of optomechanical cavities.
    One of the platforms that promisingly tackles these problems are optomechanical crystals. Different structures can thereby access a wide range of experimental parameters, still preserving a small footprint due to their on-chip integration. Their challenging fabrication however requires robust designs and/or means to compensate slight structural deviations. After a brief general introduction of optomechanical crystals, this talk will reveal a design for tunable optomechanical nanobeams that can enable phononic networks and a potential solutions for a 2D cavity for low temperature quantum optomechanics.

    SELECTED
  • Steffen Wirth

    (29/05/18)
  • Invited speaker: Steffen Wirth
    Affiliation: MPI for Chemical Physics of Solids, Dresden
    Title: STM Spectroscopy on Correlated Topological Materials

    Time and room: 17:15, lecture hall IAP
    Abstract: 

  • Claudiu Genes

    (08/05/18)
  • Invited speaker: Claudiu Genes
    Affiliation: MPI Erlangen
    Title: 

    Time and room: 17:15, lecture hall IAP
    Abstract: 

  • Eschrig

    (19/12/17)
  • Invited speaker: Matthias Eschrig
    Affiliation: Royal Holloway University, London
    Title: New Avenues toward Complex Pairing States

    Time and room: 17:15, lecture hall IAP
    Abstract: Current challenges of quantum many-body theory include correlated super-conductivity, topological materials, non-equilibrium phenomena, and complexity at surfaces and interfaces. In particular, the physics near interfaces and surfaces has attracted attention, as it can lead to phases of matter that might not be realized in bulk materials. The increase in functionality due to spin-triplet pairing states in devices has led to the new field of superconducting spintronics.
    Of particular interest are effects based on the presence of gemetric phases and on topological stability. Whereas the former open new avenues toward spin control, the latter have recently attracted strong interest due to their robustness with respect to surface disorder. Spin triplet pairing states in bulk materials can be realized in superfluid 3He, in some correlated super-conductors, or in non-centrosymmetric superconductors. Spin-orbit locking in non-centrosymmetric materials may lead to topological superconductivity giving rise to topologically protected surface Andreev states.
    I will present self-consistent calculations for topological superconductivity in non-centrosymmetric materials, and for superfluid order in 3He in the presence of spin-active surfaces.

  • Alexander Pukhov

    (05/12/17)

  • Invited speaker: Alexander Pukhov
    Affiliation: Universität Düsseldorf
    Title:  Laser Absorption in Plasmas: From Nano-Targets to Near-QED Regime

    Time and room: 17:15, lecture hall IAP
    Abstract: As the laser technology continues its spectacular development, ever higher field intensities and power levels become accessible in laboratories. The ELI project opens new horizons for laser applications in ultra-bright sources of short wavelength radiation. At the same time, the laser pulse quality – like the contrast ratio – is greatly improved so that fine structured targets maintain their structure till the main pulse arrival. This opens new and unexpected possibilities for laser-plasma engineering towards new physics.
    In the talk, we consider laser pulse interaction with nano- and micro-structured targets like nano-grass [1-4] in the intensity range 1018-1020 W/cm2. At intensities higher than 1022 W/cm2, the radiation damping force becomes important and can exceed the Lorentz force acting on an electron [2]. The g-ray emission is then the major channel of laser energy absorption [3,4].
    References:
    1.     MA Purvis, VN Shlyaptsev, R Hollinger, C Bargsten, A Pukhov, et al. Nature Photonics 7, 796 (2013)
    2.     Vural Kaymak, Alexander Pukhov, Vyacheslav N. Shlyaptsev, Jorge J. Rocca, “Nano-scale ultra-dense Z-pinches formation from laser-irradiated nanowire arrays”, Physical Review Letters 117 (3), 035004 (2016)
    3.     R Hollinger, C Bargsten, VN Shlyaptsev, V Kaymak, A Pukhov et al., “Efficient picosecond x-ray pulse generation from plasmas in the radiation dominated regime”, Optica 4 (11), 1344-1349 (2017)
    4.     JJ Rocca, V Shlyaptsev, R Hollinger, C Bargsten, A Pukhov, V Kaymak, et al. “Compact ultra-intense lasers and nanostructures open a path to extreme pressures” LASER FOCUS WORLD 53 (5), 21-26 (2017)
    5.     LL Ji, A Pukhov, IY Kostyukov, BF Shen, K Akli Physical review letters 112, 145003 (2014)
    6.     LL Ji, A Pukhov, EN Nerush, IY Kostyukov, BF Shen, KU Akli Physics of Plasmas 21, 023109 (2014)
    7.     Longqing Yi, Alexander Pukhov, Phuc Luu-Thanh, and Baifei Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 115001 (2016)


Colloquia